Children are born to learn and they absorb information through play. They parrot back words that they hear, copy household activities such as sweeping the floor, imitate grooming tasks such as brushing their hair, and they learn how to behave based on their observations. Children watch others and they learn how to interact with adults and peers and they understand acceptable and unacceptable behaviors based on what is reinforced (Bandura, Ross, & Ross, 1963).
Interactive play helps children develop a healthy emotional development of their social role, self-concept, self-esteem, and identity; peer engagement is essential for social, cognitive, and language development. Fostering peer interaction helps boost a child’s social emotional skills, enhances their confidence, offers them the ability to build foundational relationship skills with others, allows children to learn to problem-solve, and fosters effective communication skills.
There are several different types of play and each stage increases in complexity and builds on earlier stages. Below is a list of different types of play and the importance of each type of play.
Associative play. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://pathways.org/blog/kids-learn-play-6-stages-play-development/
Baby with bunny. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.fakta.id/2016/09/permainan-bayi-usia-7-12-bulan.html
Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S.A. (1963). Vicarious reinforcement and imitative learning. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 6, 601-607.
Competitive play. (2013). Retrieved from https://mgreyes.wordpress.com/2013/05/12/is-it-ethical-to-expose-children-under-the-age-of-14-to-highly-competitive-youth-sport/
Constructive play. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.pinterest.com/pin/255649716318871143/
Cooperative play. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://alysonschafer.com/games-that-teach-cooperation/
Fantasy play. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/moral-landscapes/201404/is-pretend-play-good-kids
Grablewski, A. (n.d.). Solitary play [photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.parents.com/toddlers-preschoolers/development/social/independent-play-toddlers/
Onlooker play. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://fakty.interia.pl/tylko-u-nas/news-generacja-z-alfabet-calkiem-nowego-pokolenia,nId,1882399
Parallel play. (n.d.) Retrieved from https://www.emaze.com/@ALLIZQFT/Reagan-Randolph-Types-Of-Play
Physical play. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://youngoutliers.com/blog/2015/2/23/physical-exercise-makes-kids-smarter